Qur’an leaf in kufic script on vellum, 8th century
5 lines per page written in bold kufic script in brown ink on vellum, letter-pointing of black dots (added later), vocalisation of red dots (some possibly added later), single verse divisions marked with three short diagonal dashes in brown ink, ten verse divisions marked by relevant abjad letters in gold kufic within small illuminated panel, 20.2 by 30.3cm.Other leaves from this Qur’an include a recently published section in the al-Haram al-Sharif Islamic Museum, Jerusalem (Salameh 2001, pp.47-55, no.5), one leaf in the Nasser D. Khalili Collection, London (Déroche 1992, p.65, no.17).The abjad letters used here are the letter sad to mark the sixtieth verse and the letter `ayn to mark the seventieth verse. The letter sad is pertinent in that it was only used in the Western abjad system, thus indicating that this manuscript is most likely to have been a North African or Levantine production.
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