Journal of Ottoman Calligraphy

Lectures & Editorials on Calligraphy

Archive for March 24th, 2007

ALl: “Ali Efendi of Circir or Haydar” d. 1324 – 1906 A.D.)

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Ali Effendi learned Thuluth and Jeli from Kazasker Mustafa Izzet’s favorite pupil Sefik Bey. He produced some very fine compositions and was one of the most highly regarded masters of the time, gaining very considerable renown.

Photograph © http://www.mackamezat.com

Photograph © www.mackamezat.com. dated h.1288. 31 x 54 cm

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March 24, 2007 at 9:50 pm

ARIF: ‘Haci Arif Bey of Carsamba” (d. 1892)

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He was known as Haci Arif of Carsamba because he lived in that district of Istanbul. He learned Thuluth and Naskhi from Hasim Effendi, an apprentice of Mustafa Rakim, and Ta’liq from Kibrisizade Hakki and Melek Pasazade Ali Haydar Bey. Arif Bey displayed great skill in istifs and musennas in Jeli Thuluth. These exquisite works aroused great admiration and appreciation. Arif Bey was also a master of the tughra. He died in 1310 H. and was buried in the Yavedud cemetery near Eyup/Istanbul.

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March 24, 2007 at 9:28 pm

Sheikh HAMDULLAH: (1436 – 1520)

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The great master of calligraphy Sheikh Hamdullah was born in Amasya in 840 H. He founded his own individual school of calligraphy and was generally known as “Kible-tül Kuttab”(paragon) of Turkish calligraphersIn the section dealing with the history of calligraphy we have already mentioned how he came to Istanbul and was appointed teacher of calligraphy in the Palace’s school by Sultan Bayezid II. Here we shall confine ourselves to a brief account of the great changes he brought about in the art of calligraphy.Sheikh Hamdullah developed the Thuluth and Naskhi scripts, which have survived with very little change to the present day, from the Muhakkak and Tevki scripts, which up to that time had been written in the style of Yakut. He devoted his whole life to the art of calligraphy, producing forty-seven Qur’ans and innumerable En’ams, Evrads and Cuz. Topkapi Saray Museum contains two exquisite copies of the Qur’an.This great master of calligraphy died in 926 H. and was buried in the cemetery of Karacaahmet.

Calligraphy by Sheikh Hamdullah Efendi

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March 24, 2007 at 9:12 pm

HALIL MIR TEVKII

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Halil Mir Tevkii was the son of one All Pasha. The dates of his birth and death are uncertain, but he is known to have lived during the reign of Sultan Mahmud I, to have learned calligraphy from Hüseyin Habli and to have been appointed to a position in the Saray.

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March 24, 2007 at 8:38 pm

Hattat Hocazade Hafız Mehmed Hulusi Yazgan (1285/6/1868/9 – 1358/1940)

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Hulusi Effendi was born in Istanbul in 1285/6 H. He learned Ta’liq from Haci Arif Bey of Carsamba and Sami Effendi, and Thuluth and Naskhi from Muhsinzade Abdullah Bey. He was teacher of writing in Darüssafaka Lycee and the Medresetül Hattatin.Hulusi Effendi was one of the greatest Turkish masters of Ta’Iiq and Ta’liq Jeli. He spent his whole life, however, in financial distress and poverty. He died in 1358 H. The recent calligraphers Halim Ozyazici and Kemal Batanay were two of his most distinguished pupils.

A Work by Hulusi Efendi

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March 24, 2007 at 7:47 pm

KAMIL EFFENDI: “Ahmet Kamil Akdik” (1880 – 1951)

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Kamil Effendi was born in Istanbul in 1278 H. He learned Thuluth and Naskhi from the great calligrapher Sami Effendi, from whom he also received his icazet. He later learned from the same teacher the art of the tughra and Divani script. He held the post of teacher of writing in the Divan-i Hümayun Kalemi (Secretariat of the Imperial Chancery). In 1914 he was appointed teacher of Thuluth and Naskhi in the Medrese-tul Hattatin, in 1918 teacher of writing in Galatasaray Lycee and in 1936 teacher of calligraphy in the Academy of Fine Arts.He was twice invited to Egypt, where he left a considerable number of very fine works. He died in 1360 H. and was buried in the cemetery at Eyup/Istanbul.

A portrait of the Calligrapher painted by Seref Akdik


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March 24, 2007 at 7:38 pm

Sultan Mahmud II (1784 – 1839)

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Mahmud II was taught the art of calligraphy first by Gebecizade Mehmet Vasfi Efendi and later by Ustad Mustafa Rakim. He was particularly interested in Naskhi, Thuluth and Jell Thuluth. Several very fine panels written by Mahmud II in Jeli Thuluth are to be see in a number of Istanbul mosques and museums. He died in 1255 H.

Calligraphy by Sultan Mahmud II.

Calligraphy by Sultan Mahmud II.

A Calligraphy by Sultan Mahmud II in Bursa Ulucami.

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March 24, 2007 at 7:36 pm